Abstract—This paper discusses analysis and synthesis techniques for robust pole placement in linear matrix inequality (LMI) regions, a class of convex regions of the complex plane that embraces most practically useful stability regions. The focus is on linear systems with static uncertainty on the state matrix. For this class of uncertain systems, the notion of quadratic stability and the related robustness analysis tests are generalized to arbitrary LMI regions. The resulting tests for robust pole clustering are all numerically tractable because they involve solving linear matrix inequalities LMI’s and cover both unstructured and parameter uncertainty. These analysis results are then applied to the synthesis of dynamic outputfeedback controllers that robustly assign the closedloop poles in a prescribed LMI region. With some conservatism, this problem is again tractable via LMI optimization. In addition, robust pole placement can be combined with other control objectives, such as H2 or H1 performance, to capture realistic sets of design specifications. Physically motivated examples demonstrate the effectiveness of this robust pole clustering technique.

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focus on stability, sustainability while the problems of time has notbeen recalculated due attention.In recent years, the Model Predictive Control (MPC) is one of thecalculating techniques of modern optimal control that growing boththe theory and application, and has been had an important position inthe general control field and in controlling industrial processes inparticular due to the MPC has outstanding advantages such as:- Suitable for a large class of control problems, from the process has largetime constants and large time delay to the fast change nonlinear systems,- Apply for the processes have the large number of control variablesand variables is controlled,- Easily meet the control problems with both in state and controlsignals constraints,- The controlling objects change and device breakdown,- MPC is a problem-based optimization so it should be able to enhance therobustness of the system for model error and disturbance.According to Qin (2000) has more than 3000 applications of MPChas been commercialized in various fields including petrochemicalrefining technology, food processing technology, automotivetechnology, space technology, pulp and paper technology etc.Most of the objects to control in fact are nonlinear, in order to controlthese nonlinear objects, first you must build the model, the nonlinearmodels need to perform modeling using approximate analysis orartificial intelligence based on experrience as neural network andwavelets. Each of the model class has advantages and disadvantages.In many cases, the nonlinear models can be performed entirely using6multivariate linear model or adaptive linear model.

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Knowledge and understanding are prerequisites for the effective implementation of any tool. No matter how impressive your tool chest, you will be hardpressed to repair a car if you do not understand how it works. This is particularly true when using computers to solve engineering problems. Although they have great potential utility, computers are practically useless without a fundamental understanding of how engineering systems work. This understanding is initially gained by empirical means—that is, by observation and experiment. However, while such empirically derived information is essential, it is only half the story. Over years and years of observation and experiment, engineers and scientists have noticed that certain aspects of their empirical studies occur repeatedly. Such general behavior can then be expressed as fundamental laws that essentially embody the cumulative wisdom of past experience. Thus, most engineering problem solving employs the twopronged approach of empiricism and theoretical analysis (Fig. 1.1). It must be stressed that the two prongs are closely coupled. As new measurements are taken, the generalizations may be modified or new ones developed. Similarly, the generalizations can have a strong influence on the experiments and observations. In particular, generalizations can serve as organizing principles that can be employed to synthesize observations and experimental results into a coherent and comprehensive framework from which conclusions can be drawn. From an engineering problemsolving perspective, such a framework is most useful when it is expressed in the form of a mathematical model. The primary objective of this chapter is to introduce you to mathematical modeling and its role in engineering problem solving. We will also illustrate how numerical methods figure in the process. 1.1 A SIMPLE MATHEMATI

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Lifting The Exponent Lemma (LTE)Version 3 - Amir Hossein ParvardiFebruary 28, 2011Lifting The Exponent Lemma is a new topic in number theory and is amethod for solving some exponential Diophantine equations. In this article weanalyze this method and present some of its applications.We can use the Lifting The Exponent Lemma (this is a long name, let’s callit LTE!) in lots of problems involving exponential equations, especially whenwe have some prime numbers (and actually in some cases it “explodes” theproblems). This lemma shows how to find the greatest power of a prime p –which is often ≥ 3 – that divides an ± bn for some positive integers a and b. Theproofs of theorems and lemmas in this article have nothing difficult and all ofthem use elementary mathematics. Understanding the theorems usage and itsmeaning is more important to you than remembering its detailed proof.I would like to thank makar and ZetaX(Daniel) for their notations about thearticle. And I specially appreciate JBL(Joel) helps about TeX issues.1Descriptions and SignsFor two integers a and b we say a is divisible by b and write b | a if and only ifthere exits some integer q such that a = qb.We define x p to be the greatest power of a prime p that divides x; i.e. ifx p = α then pα | x but pα+1 ∤ x. We also write pα x, if and only if x p = α.So obviously we have xy p = x p y p and x + y p ≤ x p + y p .In lots of articles about this subject, we see the vp (x) sign. To be coherentwith these subjects, we can define vp in terms of x p , So that x p = p−vp (x) .Example. The greatest power of 3 that divides 63 is 32 . because 32 = 9 | 63but 33 = 27 ∤ 63. i.e. 32 63 or 63 3 = 2, and we write v3 (63) = 2.Example. Clearly we see that if p and q be two different prime numbers, then

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Shrimp being the most valuable shellfish resource in terms of trade volume is farmed in large quantities in all South East Asian Countries including India as well as in Latin America. This industry has severely been criticized being the root cause of mangrove destruction and environment deterioration in the coastal areas due to wanton intensification and abuse of chemical and antibiotics along with discharge of untreated effluents. This has affected the shrimp farmers who suffered huge crop losses due to disease prevalence over and over again compelling them to choose a sustainable viewpoint in solidarity with the environment so that they can sustain their production systems on a longer run. Biomimicry is an approach to imitate nature and its methods of problem solving and applying those concepts in betterment of mankind.

Xem thêm ... 3021 23 Chapter Graphene Oxide Induced Aggregation of Thiophene-Acrylonitrile-Carbazole Oligomer and Their Nonlinear Optical Limiting Properties 3.1 Introduction Nonlinear Optical limiting (NLO)... rational modification of both the electronic structure and conductivity of graphene sheets accompanied by additional thermal reaction of nano -graphene units lead to a dramatic increase of the conductivity... GPyFc systems, the nonlinear optical limiting (NLO) properties (a thorough introduction will be done in Chapter 2) of these hybrids were studied The nonlinear optical properties of these materials

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This template was created to provide system and software development projects with a model System and Software Design Description (SSDD) that incorporates both architectural views and detailed design criteria. The template is based on the following documents: 1) CSDS, System and Software Requirements Specification (SSRS) Template, Version 1.1, June 2008, Center for Secure and Dependable Systems, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, 83844. 2) NRL, Software Requirements Template (SRS), United States Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Division, June 1997, in accordance with the MILSTD498 DID (DIIPSC81433). 3) ISOIECIEEE, IEEE Std 14712000 Systems and software engineering – Recommended practice for architectural description of software intensive systems, First edition 20070715, International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission, (ISOIEC), Case postale 56, CH1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, and The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., (IEEE), 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. 4) IEEE, IEEE Std 10161998 Recommended Practice for Software Design Descriptions, 19980923, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., (IEEE) 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. 5) 3) ISOIECIEEE, IEEE Std. 152882008 Systems and Software Engineering – System life cycle processes, Second edition 20080201, International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission, (ISOIEC), Case postale 56, CH1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, and The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., (IEEE), 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. 6) ISOIECIEEE, IEEE Std. 122072008, Systems and software engineering – Software life cycle processes, Second edition 20080201, International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission, (ISOIEC), Case postale 56, CH1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, and The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., (IEEE), 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.

Xem thêm ... book, The Tipping Point” Without systems thinking, there is neither the incentive nor the means to integrate the learning disciplines that have come into practice Systems thinking is the cornerstone... person does not play by the “rules of the game.” He is responsible for the game If the rules of the game stand in the way of achieving the vision, he will find ways to change the rules A group of... integrating all the learning disciplines It is the synergy of the disciplines that can propel an organization to major breakthroughs in learning 15 In essence, the task of the leader is designing the learning

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PART I. INTRODUCTION TO THE SAT CHEMISTRY TEST All About the SAT Chemistry Test 3 How to Use This Book 9 Strategies for Top Scores 10 PART II. DIAGNOSTIC TEST Diagnostic Test 17 Answers and Explanations to Diagnostic Test 29 PART III. CHEMISTRY TOPIC REVIEW Chapter 1 Matter and Energy 41 Chapter 2 Phases of Matter 47 Chapter 3 Atomic Structure 60 Chapter 4 The Periodic Table and Periodic Trends 76 Chapter 5 Bonding 84 Chapter 6 Stoichiometry and Solution Chemistry 101 Chapter 7 Energy and Chemical Reactions 118 Chapter 8 Reaction Rates and Chemical Equilibrium 127 Chapter 9 Acids and Bases 139 Chapter 10 Redox and Electrochemistry 151 Chapter 11 Organic Chemistry 167 Chapter 12 Nuclear Chemistry 176 Chapter 13 Laboratory Skills 185 PART IV. FOUR FULLLENGTH PRACTICE TESTS Practice Test 1 197 Answers and Explanations 210 Practice Test 2 219 Answers and Explanations 230 Practice Test 3 239 Answers and Explanations 251 Practice Test 4 261 Answers and Explanations 274 APPENDIXES Appendix 1 Mathematical Skills Review 285 Appendix 2 Equations and Symbols 289 Appendix 3 Periodic Table of the Elements 291 Appendix 4 Reference Tables 293 Appendix 5 Glossary 295 xiii

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Case Study 8. Human Capital Management DEVELOPINGHCM AT ZENITH SYSTEMSThe caseZenith Systems Ltd provides hardware and software services customized to clients’requirements. It is a subsidiary of a US company. The UK company is based in Slough andhas four major departments: information systems, services, specialized support staff andmarketing. The company has grown very rapidly since it was established three years ago,initially with the close guidance and support of the parent firm. There are about 650employees, most of them recruited during the last two years. Labour turnover so far is fairlylow (8 per cent). Extensive use is made of various forms of numerical flexibility. Around 150employees are on short-term contracts, mainly of between two and three years’ duration;another 100 or so work part-time. In addition the firm has sub-contracting arrangements withsuppliers to fulfil the client demands that its own project teams are unable to achieve.Overtime and flexible working hours are an accepted feature of the work. The nature of thebusiness means that employees have to be technically adept and highly flexible in responseto specifications of what their clients want. They work in project teams that can vary inmembership, forming and disbanding as projects require.The strategic goals of the business are to achieve sustained growth by the development andmarketing of innovative systems and the provision of ever-improving levels of service to clients.The nature of the business clearly indicates that competitive success can only be achieved andsustained by developing and maintaining human capital advantage. A high-performance worksystem (HPWS) based largely on practice in the parent company is being introduced, prioritybeing given to the introduction of rigorous recruitment and selection procedures, extensive andrelevant learning and development activities, incentive pay systems and performancemanagement processes.A comprehensive human resource information system (HRIS) had been installed. The USChief Executive has overruled the HR Director’s recommendation that an employee attitudesurvey should take place on the grounds that it was too soon – there were more pressingpriorities. The HR Director was unhappy about this but intended to raise the matter again,making a more powerful business case than in his first attempt.Three months later the HR Director sat down to think again about how to proceed. He had

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... Prolog, Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) [15] In fact, most of today’s constraint programming systems are constraint logic programming sys16 Algorithm Trailing-based State Restoration Input:... search efforts, making it is possible to solve some hard problems 1.2 Constraint Programming in a Nutshell Constraint programming includes two phases: modeling and solving The modeling step is to... Chapter Constraint Programming Constraint programming systems provide the facilities to model and solve CSPs In this chapter, we briefly explain the techniques and terms that are referred to in constraint

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The main objective of the present note is to study positive solutions of the following interesting system of integral equations in Rn u(x) = Z Rn |x − y| p v(y) −q dy, v(x) = Z Rn |x − y| pu(y) −q dy, (0.1) with p, q > 0 and n > 1. Under the nonnegative Lebesgue measurability condition for solutions (u, v) of (0.1), we prove that pq = p+2n and that u and v are radially symmetric and monotone decreasing about some point. To prove this, we introduce an integral form of the method of moving spheres for systems to tackle (0.1). As far as we know, this is the first attempt to use the method of moving spheres for systems.

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Lecture Physical modeling in MATLAB has contents: Variables and values, scripts, loops, vectors, functions, zerofinding, functions of vectors, ordinary differential equations, systems of ODEs, secondorder systems, optimization and interpolation,...and other contents.

For the first time, the finitetime stabilization with guaranteed cost control for linear autonomous timevarying delay systems with bounded controls is studied in this paper. Based on the Lyapunov functional method and a generalized Jensen integral inequality, novel sufficient conditions for designing nonlinear feedback controllers that guarantee the robust finitetime stabilization of the closedloop system are established. The obtained stabilization condition is then adapted to solve the problem of guaranteed cost control. A numerical example is given to show the effectiveness of the proposed results

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In this book chapter, we study the nonlinear absorption of a strong electromagnetic wave in low dimensional systems (quantum wells, doped superlattices, cylindrical quantum wires and rectangular quantum wires) by using the quantum kinetic equation method. Starting from the kinetic equation for electrons, we calculate to obtain the electron distribution functions in low dimensional systems. Then we ﬁnd the expression for current density vector and the nonlinear absorption coefﬁcient of a strong electromagnetic wave in low dimensional 462 Wave Propagation systems. The problem is considered in two cases: electronoptical phonon scattering and electronacoustic phonon scattering. Numerical calculations are carried out with a AlAsGaAsAlAs quantum well, a compensated np nGaAspGaAs doped superlattices, a speciﬁc GaAsGaAsAl quantum wire.

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Train your brain for better decisions, problem solving, and innovation.Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem Solving and Decision Making Skills is the comprehensive guide to training your brain to do more for you. Written by a critical thinking trainer and coach, the book presents a pragmatic set of tools to apply critical thinking techniques to everyday business issues. Think Smarter is filled with real world examples that demonstrate how the tools work in action, in addition to dozens of practice exercises applicable across industries and functions, Think Smarter is a versatile resource for individuals, managers, students, and corporate training programs.Thinking is the foundation of everything you do, but we rely largely on automatic thinking to process information, often resulting in misunderstandings and errors. Shifting over to critical thinking means thinking purposefully using a framework and tool set, enabling thought processes that lead to better decisions, faster problem solving, and creative innovation. Think Smarter provides clear, actionable steps toward improving your critical thinking skills, plus exercises that clarify complex concepts by putting theory into practice. Features include: + A comprehensive critical thinking framework + Over twenty five tools to help you think more critically + Critical thinking implementation for functions and activities + Examples of the real world use of each tool Learn what questions to ask, how to uncover the real problem to solve, and mistakes to avoid. Recognize assumptions your can rely on versus those without merit, and train your brain to tick through your mental toolbox to arrive at more innovative solutions. Critical thinking is the top skill on the wish list in the business world, and sharpening your ability can have profound affects throughout all facets of life. Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem Solving and Decision Making Skills provides a road map to more effective and productive thought.

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(BQ) Part 1 book Basic engineering mathematics has contents: Basic arithmetic; fractions, decimals and percentages; indices, standard form and engineering notation; calculations and evaluation of formulae; computer numbering systems; simple equations,...and other contents.

Chapter 4 Systems analysis. After studying this chapter you will be able to Define systems analysis and relate it to the scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases; describe a number of systems analysis approaches for solving business system problems; describe scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases in terms of information system building blocks;...

(BQ) Part 2 book Quantitative finance for physicists an introduction has contents: Nonlinear dynamical systems, scaling in financial time series, option pricing, portfolio management, portfolio management, agent based modeling of financial markets.

We find upper bounds for the rate of convergence when the EulerMaruyama approximation is used in order to compute the expectation of nonsmooth functionals of some stochastic differential equations whose diffusion coefficient is constant, whereas the drift coefficient may be very irregular. As a byproduct of our method, we establish the weak order of the EulerMaruyama approximation for a diffusion processes killed when it leaves an open set. We also apply our method to the study of the weak approximation of reflected stochastic differential equations whose drift is H¨older continuous.

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